It goes deeper than a normal teeth cleaning and it can bring about a major course correction for a set of teeth and gums that have ravaged by gum disease. A deep cleaning, also known as scaling and root planing, becomes more necessary as gum disease progresses in severity, yet many people wonder at first why it’s necessary and why brushing more regularly won’t deliver the same effect.
Take a look at what causes the need for a deep cleaning and what benefits this pair of procedures brings to the patient.
Tartar Buildup and Gum Pockets
After a while, the sticky mix of food residue and bacteria that form plaque begins to harden on the teeth and forms what’s called “dental calculus” or “tartar.” As the gums recede and the tartar builds, it starts to dip below the gum line. And when tartar forms on tooth roots, it creates bacterial pockets between the roots and gums. From there, things begin to spiral into severe gum recession and tooth decay – unless there’s dental intervention in the form of a deep cleaning.
How a Deep Cleaning Works
The two primary procedures in a deep cleaning include the following:
Scaling – this procedure entails “scaling” the roots of teeth, carefully removing tartar that has built up beneath the gum line.
Root planing: this procedure entails smoothing the surfaces of tooth roots so that the gums will reattach to them cleanly.
How to Know When You Need a Deep Cleaning
The best way to know if your teeth are in need of a deep cleaning is the visit your dentist’s office regularly. However, there are a few warning signs of gum disease that will also clue you in to the possible need for a deep cleaning:
- Bleeding, tender gums
- Receding gums
- Tartar built up on the teeth and at the gum line
- Pain when chewing
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published on August 30, 2019